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Saturn




Like Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune, Saturn is a gas giant. It is made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Its volume is 755 times greater than Earth's. Winds in the upper atmosphere reach 500 meters per second in the equatorial region. (In contrast, the strongest hurricane-force winds on Earth top out : about 110 meters per second.) These super-fast winds, combined with heat rising from within the planet's interior, cause the yellow and gold bands visible in its atmosphere.

The most important atmospherical features.
The meaning of the used abbreviations is as follows

N=North, S=South, E=Equatorial, Tr=Tropical, Te=Temperate and Z=Zone.
NPR=North Pole Region and SPR=South Pole Region.



Change in the tilt of the ringplane since 2003. For an Explanation of this phenomenon click here


April 10, 2011 @ 00:30 UT
Picture made with a 12" Newton and a SC3 camera. Oculair projection with an 17mm Plossl, the effective focal length used was 7500mm, N=25.
Magnitude : 0.8 150 seconds AVI made, each for R, G & B
Distance : 8.6195 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 19.3" Gain : 90%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +34°43' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 0%
CM : 140.94° 450 best images stacked, each for R, G & B


Saturn and his major moons

Move your mouse over the picture to see the names of the moons.
Picture made with a 10" Meade SCT and a SC3 modded ToUcam + Baader IRB filter.


March 31, 2009 @ 21:35 UT
Picture made with a 10" Meade SCT and a Philips ToUcam + 5x barlow. The effective focal length used was 12000mm, N=50.
Magnitude : 0.7 120 seconds AVI made
Distance : 8.4767 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 5fps
Diameter : 19.7" Gain : 80%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +45°02' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 365.55° The 480 best images are stacked


December 27, 2008 @ 02:12 UT
Picture made with a 10" Meade SCT and a Philips ToUcam + Meade 2x barlow. The effective focal length used was 7300mm, N=29.2.
Magnitude : 0.8 2 x 120 seconds AVI made
Distance : 9.0806 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 18.4" Gain : 90%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +25°55' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 126.45° The 1900 best images are stacked


April 7, 2008 @ 20:46 UT
Picture made with a 10" Meade SCT and a Philips ToUcam + Meade 2x barlow. The effective focal length used was 7300mm, N=29.2.
Magnitude : 0.7 7 x 30 seconds AVI made
Distance : 9.2921 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 19.4" Gain : 90%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +50°47' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 237.58° The 240 best images are stacked


March 9, 2007 @ 21:15 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a SC3 camera + True Technology RGB filterset. The effective focal length used was 6250mm, N=25.0 (4x Barlow + extension).
Magnitude : 0.6 2 x 250 seconds AVI made for each color
Distance : 8.3232 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.0" Gain : 75%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +53°43' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 0%
CM : 133.04° The 1100 best images are stacked



Move your mouse over the picture
to see the names of the moons
May 2, 2006 @ 20:30 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 840K + Baader IRB filter.


April 8, 2006 @ 19:14 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 840K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 6000mm, N=24.0 (4x Barlow + extra projection tube).
Magnitude : 0.8 90 seconds AVI
Distance : 9.1285 AU 2,5 sec exposure @ 5fps
Diameter : 18.1" Gain : 75%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +42°08' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 0%
CM : 230.89° All images are stacked


April 8, 2006 @ 19:14 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 840K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 6000mm, N=24.0 (4x Barlow + extra projection tube).
Magnitude : 0.7 600 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.8042 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 18.9" Gain : 75%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +58°07' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 0%
CM : 171.90° The 500 best images are stacked


January 27, 2006 @ 22:59 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 5000mm, N=20.0 (4x Barlow).
Magnitude : 0.5 300 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1269 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 20.5" Gain : 60%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +55°49' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 331.85° The 450 best images are stacked


January 15, 2006 @ 23:18 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 5000mm, N=20.0 (4x Barlow).
Magnitude : 0.6 360 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1490 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.5" Gain : 75%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +53°08' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 331.75° The 1250 best images are stacked


8 Januari 2006 @ 00:05 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 5000mm, N=20.0 (4x Barlow).
Magnitude : 0.6 300 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1886 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.4" Gain : 75%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +48°03' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 317.43° The 1500 best images are stacked


28 December 2005 @ 23:03 UT
Picture made with a 10" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 5000mm, N=20.0 (4x Barlow).
Magnitude : 0.6 240 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.2643 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.2" Gain : 70%, Brightness : 70%
Altitude : +42°14' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 127.63° The 500 best images are stacked


February 27, 2005 @ 20:14 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 4600mm, N=31.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.6 180 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.3768 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 19.9" Gain : 90%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +56°14' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 136.06° The 1600 best images are stacked


February 4, 2005 @ 22:05 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 4200mm, N=28.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.5 90 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1520 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 20.4" Gain : 70%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +57°18' Gamma : 50%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 269.99° The 1000 best images are stacked


December 20, 2004 @ 2:33 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.5 120 seconds AVI
Distance : 9.0567 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 15fps
Diameter : 20.4" Gain : 80%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +57°15' Gamma : 50%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 143.49° The 1000 best images are stacked


February 26, 2004 @ 21:58 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.5 300 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1568 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.4" Gain : 50%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +55°41' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 100%
CM : 73.92° The 1450 best images are stacked


January 27, 2004 @ 22:45 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.5 300 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.1652 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.4" Gain : 50%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +59°49' Gamma : 50%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 191.21° The 2500 best images are stacked


January 2, 2004 @ 21:49 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.5 180 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.0509 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 20.7" Gain : 60%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +49°28' Gamma : 10%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 82.22° The 1200 best images are stacked


November 14, 2003 @ 23:49 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.6 60 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.3728 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 19.9" Gain : 50%, Brightness : 50%
Altitude : +42°50' Gamma : 50%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 15.83° The 500 best images are stacked


April 6, 2003 @ 19:46 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.8 60 seconds AVI
Distance : 9.0321 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 20fps
Diameter : 17.8" Gain : 60%, Brightness : 80%
Altitude : +46°16' Gamma : 75%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 258.90° The 400 best images are stacked


February 21, 2003 @ 19:58 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.7 60 seconds AVI
Distance : 9.0333 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 19.3" Gain : 60%, Brightness : 40%
Altitude : +58°23' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 35.99° The 400 best images are stacked


January 31, 2003 @ 21:49 UT
Picture made with a 6" Newton Telescope and a Philips ToUcam 740K + Baader IRB filter. The effective focal length used was 3600mm, N=24.0 (eyepiece projection with a 17mm ploössl).
Magnitude : 0.6 60 seconds AVI
Distance : 8.3577 AU 1/25 sec exposure @ 10fps
Diameter : 19.9" Gain : 60%, Brightness : 40%
Altitude : +56°02' Gamma : 0%, Saturation : 50%
CM : 193.31° The 400 best images are stacked


January 9, 2003 @ 20:34 UT
First Saturn image made with my webcam.
Magnitude : 0.5
Distance : 9.0348 AU
Diameter : 20.5"
Altitude : +56°32'
CM : 312.71°
© Copyright Rob Kantelberg
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